The History of Blackjack

July 20, 2023

Blackjack, also known as 21, is one of the most popular and iconic casino card games in the world. It has a rich history that dates back centuries and has evolved into the game we know and love today. Let’s take a journey through time to explore the fascinating history of blackjack.

Origins and Early Beginnings

The exact origins of blackjack are unclear, but the game is believed to have originated in France in the 17th century under the name “Vingt-et-Un,” which means “21” in French. The game was originally played with a special deck of cards featuring different suits and numbers.

Vingt-et-Un made its way to North America through French colonists and quickly became popular in gambling halls across the continent. To attract more players, casinos offered a special bonus payout for players who had an ace of spades and a black jack (either the jack of clubs or the jack of spades) in their hand, hence the name “blackjack” was born.

The Modern Blackjack

Rules Over time, the rules of blackjack evolved to what we are familiar with today. The game became standardized with a regular deck of 52 cards, and the goal of the game remained the same – to get a hand value as close to 21 as possible without exceeding it.

In the mid-20th century, casinos in Las Vegas introduced a new rule to attract more players – the “double down” rule, allowing players to double their original bet after receiving the first two cards. This rule increased the excitement and strategic element of the game.

Card Counting and the Blackjack Boom

In the 1960s, a group of mathematicians and players discovered that it was possible to gain an edge over the casino by counting cards. Card counting involves keeping track of the cards that have been dealt to predict the likelihood of certain cards appearing in future hands. This technique allowed skilled players to make more informed decisions and increase their chances of winning.

The popularity of card counting spread rapidly, and casinos began to take countermeasures to prevent players from gaining an advantage. They started using multiple decks of cards and reshuffling more frequently to make card counting less effective.

The Rise of Online Blackjack

With the advent of the internet in the 1990s, online casinos began to emerge, offering players the opportunity to play blackjack from the comfort of their homes. Online blackjack became incredibly popular, as players could access the game anytime and anywhere.

Online casinos also introduced new variations of blackjack, such as Live Dealer Blackjack, where players can interact with a real dealer via a live video stream, simulating the experience of playing at a land-based casino.

Today, blackjack remains a staple in both brick-and-mortar and online casinos worldwide. Its rich history and strategic gameplay continue to attract players of all levels of experience.


From its humble beginnings in France to becoming a global sensation, the history of blackjack is a testament to the enduring appeal of this classic casino card game. Whether you play at a land-based casino or an online platform like 26bet betting online Malaysia, the excitement of trying to beat the dealer and reach the magic number of 21 never gets old. So, next time you sit down to play a game of blackjack, take a moment to appreciate the long and fascinating history behind this beloved casino game.

Author 26betmy